Installers
PowerShell Pro Tools includes cmdlets for creating MSI packages that can contain any file and directory structure you wish. It also includes functionality to customize the installer interface by including custom EULAs and images.

Getting Started

To get started creating installers with PowerShell Pro Tools, you will need to download the latest version of the PowerShell Pro Tools PowerShell module. This can be installed with Install-Module.
Install-Module PowerShellProTools

Creating your first installer

The New-Installer cmdlet is used to generate an installer. It can contain directories and files for installation. The first step is to define the basic parameters of your installer.
The Product and UpgradeCode parameters are required. The UpgradeCode is a GUID that needs to remain the same for each version of your product and should be unique from other products.
New-Installer -Product "My First Product" -UpgradeCode '1a73a1be-50e6-4e92-af03-586f4a9d9e82'
Within the Content parameter of the New-Installer cmdlet, you need to include a root directory for installation on the end user's machine. The root directory needs to be a predefined directory. One of the parameter sets on New-InstallerDirectory defines a PredefinedDirectory parameter that you can use to select the target root directory.
New-InstallerDirectory -PredefinedDirectory "LocalAppDataFolder"
You can now optionally specify a nested directory within your root directory. This will be created if it does not exist and removed on uninstall.
New-InstallerDirectory -DirectoryName "My First Product"
Finally, you can include files within your directory. The New-InstallerFile cmdlet accepts a Source parameter with the path to the file you would like to install.
New-InstallerFile -Source .\MyTextFile.txt
The full script for this installer looks like this.
New-Installer -Product "My First Product" -UpgradeCode '1a73a1be-50e6-4e92-af03-586f4a9d9e82' -Content {
New-InstallerDirectory -PredefinedDirectory "LocalAppDataFolder" -Content {
New-InstallerDirectory -DirectoryName "My First Product" -Content {
New-InstallerFile -Source .\license.txt
}
}
} -OutputDirectory (Join-Path $PSScriptRoot "output")
Running the above script will produce a WXS, WXSOBJ and MSI file in the output directory. The MSI is the only file that you need to provide to your end users. The WXS and WXSOBJ files are artifacts of the Windows Installer XML Toolkit used to generate these installers.

Installers

All Users Installation

You can use the -RequriesElevation parameter of New-Installer to change from the default PerUser installation to a PerMachine installation.
The following creates an installer that will install to the program files folder.
New-Installer -Product "My First Product" -UpgradeCode '1a73a1be-50e6-4e92-af03-586f4a9d9e82' -Content {
New-InstallerDirectory -PredefinedDirectory "ProgramFilesFolder" -Content {
New-InstallerDirectory -DirectoryName "My First Product" -Content {
New-InstallerFile -Source .\license.txt
}
}
} -OutputDirectory (Join-Path $PSScriptRoot "output") -RequiresElevation

Add\Remove Programs Icon

The Application Icon that will be displayed within Add\Remove Programs can be defined using the AddRemoveProgramsIcon of New-Installer.
New-Installer -Product "My First Product" -UpgradeCode '1a73a1be-50e6-4e92-af03-586f4a9d9e82' -Content {
New-InstallerDirectory -PredefinedDirectory "ProgramFilesFolder" -Content {
New-InstallerDirectory -DirectoryName "My First Product" -Content {
New-InstallerFile -Source .\license.txt
}
}
} -OutputDirectory (Join-Path $PSScriptRoot "output") -AddRemoveProgramsIcon "icon.ico"

Upgrade Code

The UpgradeCode value should be static to ensure that upgrades work successfully. Define the upgrade code by on New-Installer.
New-Installer -Product "My First Product" -UpgradeCode '1a73a1be-50e6-4e92-af03-586f4a9d9e82' -Content {
New-InstallerDirectory -PredefinedDirectory "ProgramFilesFolder" -Content {
New-InstallerDirectory -DirectoryName "My First Product" -Content {
New-InstallerFile -Source .\license.txt
}
}
} -OutputDirectory (Join-Path $PSScriptRoot "output")

Version

The installer version is set using the Version parameter of New-Installer. You can provide upgrades by increasing the version and keeping the Upgrade Code the same.
The version defaults to 1.0.
New-Installer -Product "My First Product" -UpgradeCode '1a73a1be-50e6-4e92-af03-586f4a9d9e82' -Content {
New-InstallerDirectory -PredefinedDirectory "ProgramFilesFolder" -Content {
New-InstallerDirectory -DirectoryName "My First Product" -Content {
New-InstallerFile -Source .\license.txt
}
}
} -OutputDirectory (Join-Path $PSScriptRoot "output") -Version 2.0

Custom Actions

Custom actions allow you to run PowerShell scripts during install and uninstall. You will need to include the script as a file in your installer. Use the FileId parameter of New-InstallerCustomAction to reference the PS1 file you wish to execute.
For example, you may have a script named MyCustomAction.ps1 with an ID of CustomAction.
New-InstallerFile -Source .\myCustomAction.ps1 -Id 'CustomAction'
You can then use that script as a custom action during an installation.
New-InstallerCustomAction -FileId 'CustomAction' -RunOnInstall

Arguments

You can pass arguments to both PowerShell.exe and your script. The Arguments parameter passes custom arguments to PowerShell.exe (like -NoProfile). The ScriptArguments parameter defines arguments to pass to the script itself.

CheckReturnValue

This checks the exit code of PowerShell.exe. If the exit code is non-zero, then it will cause the install to fail.

RunOnInstall

Runs the custom action during install.

RunOnUninstall

Runs the custom action during uninstall.

Directories and Files

You can create directories and files using New-InstallerDirectory and New-InstallerFile. Directories should start with one of the pre-defined directories provided by MSI.

Pre-defined Directories

Use the PredefinedDirectory parameter of New-InstallerDirectory to define the root folder for the installation. You can use directories such as Program Files, AppData and CommonAppData.

Custom Folders

Custom folders appear within pre-defined directories. You can nest folders to create a folder tree. Folders can then contain files. Use the DirectoryName parameter of New-InstallerDirectory to create a directory. Use Content to specify either folders or files to include.
Including the Configurable property on New-InstallerDirectory will allow the end user to select a directory during installation.
New-InstallerDirectory -DirectoryName "My First Product" -Content {
New-InstallerFile -Source .\license.txt
} -Configurable

Files

Files are defined by their current location and an ID. The Source parameter should identify the file you wish to include. It's location in the New-InstallerDirectory tree will define where it is installed on disk.
New-InstallerDirectory -DirectoryName "My First Product" -Content {
New-InstallerFile -Source .\license.txt
}

Shortcuts

Shortcuts can be defined for installers using New-InstallerShortcut. You will define where the shortcut is located using New-InstallerDirectory and reference a file by Id.
For example, to define a file by ID, you would include the Id parameter of New-InstallerFile.
New-InstallerFile -Source .\MyTextFile.txt -Id "myTestFile"
Next, you would define the shortcut in a directory and reference the file by ID.
New-InstallerDirectory -PredefinedDirectory "DesktopFolder" -Content {
New-InstallerShortcut -Name "My Test File" -FileId "myTestFile"
}

Working Directory

You can set the working directory of a shortcut by specifying the ID of the folder. The below example sets the working directory to the installation directory's ID.
New-Installer -ProductName "MyImage" -UpgradeCode (New-Guid) -Version 1.0.0 -Content {
New-InstallerDirectory -PredefinedDirectoryName ProgramFilesFolder -Content {
New-InstallerDirectory -DirectoryName 'MyDir' -Id 'MyDir' -Content {
New-InstallerFile -Id 'Image' -Source 'services.png'
}
}
New-InstallerDirectory -PredefinedDirectoryName DesktopFolder -Content {
New-InstallerShortcut -Name 'Test' -FileId 'Image' -WorkingDirectoryId 'MyDir'
}
} -OutputDirectory .\installer -RequiresElevation

User Interfaces

You can customize the user interface of the installer by using the UserInterface parameter of New-Installer along with New-InstallerUserInterface.
User interfaces can include custom graphics and EULAs for your installer.
$UserInterface = New-InstallerUserInterface -Eula (Join-Path $PSScriptRoot 'eula.rtf') -TopBanner (Join-Path $PSScriptRoot "banner.png") -Welcome (Join-Path $PSScriptRoot "welcome.png")